Literacy rate in India has increased in past few years. Especially in remote areas. Kids who were going to school are showing interest in online classes due to COVID. Their parents are also encouraging them and buying smartphones for their children from their limited sources. Children also go to the local panchayat halls to avail of the facility of Wi-Fi. A good midday meal also attracts the parents to send their children to school. Elementary education is on top priority as per PM’S Recently released draft “National Education Policy”.
Literacy Rate In India
It clearly describes the goal for the next five years: “ensuring every child in Grade 5 and beyond has achieved foundational literacy and numeracy”. Meeting this goal is the new government’s primary challenge. As per the study of “Pritchett and Beatty “estimates that four out of five children going into a grade without being able to read will likely end the school is still unable to read. Moreover, several studies highlight that there are wide variations in student learning levels within a classroom. Consequently, the first step to moving towards a learning-focused education system is to change the financing architecture.
New Changes In The Literacy Rate In India
An important suggestion in the NEP that it must be implemented as integrated pre-school learning with the formal elementary school system. India has successfully broken out of the “low literacy trap” in which the illiteracy of parents leads to poor literacy outcomes for the successive generation. Child and youth literacy numbers for both males and females show that sustained efforts to improve literacy have borne fruit over the years. The “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan” as well as the enactment of the “Right to Education Act, 2009” have contributed significantly to improving literacy. According to the latest available data, the aim of the policy is that the child and youth literacy in India is able to sustain this momentum. Only then the country might be able to achieve universal literacy for children and youth by 2030.
But still, the biggest hurdle is to transform mindsets and convince parents to send their daughters to school. So, educating young girls is India’s top priority. Educating and empowering mothers and daughters is just as important as “beti bechao beti padhao” Abhiyan.
However, illiteracy among older adults is also a pressing concern, as illiterate adults are more susceptible to ill health, exploitation, and human rights abuse. To overcome the problem of illiteracy of adults the government has introduced night schools. Those who crossed the age of formal education has also been the main cause of consideration. It is also kept in mind that the younger generation is able to benefit from digitization and not suffer its costs. In order to make youth employable and train them for jobs has also been kept on top priority. Thus the main aim of the education policy is to make the younger generation more educated than the older generation and they should be shifted from the older generation to children and youth.
Drawbacks Of Illiteracy In India
Illiteracy has become a serious concern for the government. It has made the youth of India skill-less. As in Country sides many students so not pursue higher studies for the reasons like low income, poverty, and they have to support their families for a living. The campaigns have been initiated by the Government like Kaushal Yojna under skill development campaign. But there are still some Drawbacks that has tempered with the economical growth of India. Some of the drawbacks are mentioned below.
Fraud is a common issue in India. But bank frauds are the major ones. As many of the illiterate people have been conned by the fraudsters back in the past few years, since the digitization of banking has been enabled. The case has seen a hike in past 2-3 years.
Manpower is the second in the list. As India is country of youth and half of the youth is unskilled. Making it tough for the youth to meet the requirements of hiring companies.
Population Distribution is the third on the list. In India people have a different mind set that has to change. In the remote areas the people raise many children at once by one couple. keeping in mind that the more the family members the more will be the income. But the scenario changes when it comes to the education of the kids. They fail to make their kids skilled and literate. Leaving them with no options.
Impact Of Illiteracy on Economy
The current literacy rate in India has a drastic and bad impact on the economy, when it comes to the contribution of youth in the development of the country. In India the half of the nation is unskilled. They do not even pay taxes to the government hitting directly on the economy and development.
There is a scarcity of officers in the Government as well as in the Army. Making it tough on the administration. The government cannot simply choose without setting standards for the selection. Many students appear for the government exams but a bunch of them make their way up at top.
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