Malnutrition In India Today is a serious and common factor to discuss. The reasons and challenges associated with malnutrition in underprivileged people. As we know about 70% of the population of India lives in villages they are not educated or they are below the poverty line. They cannot afford nutritious food. Overpopulation and unequal distribution of the economy are also one of the reason. Thus the malnutrition children are not able to perform well in the schools also. Their diet often lacks both quality and quantity.
Malnutrition In India
Even women also suffer from malnutrition not likely to produce healthy babies. Nutrition-deficient individuals are more likely to have infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, which lead to a higher mortality rate. In addition, nutrition-deficient individuals are less productive at work. Especially in India where labor is a major input factor for economic production. On the other hand, over-nutrition also has severe consequences. In India women and men in urban areas have a high rate of obesity’ several non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory problems.
In order to manage nutrition requirements, India can work towards nutrition security by setting up community kitchens, adding pulses and millets to the Public Distribution System, and continuing the school Midday Meal Scheme. The meals served by Food for Life Annamrita and Akshaya Patra provided with the nutritional norms. Food for Life Annamrita is the premier affiliate of Food for Life Global the world’s largest free food relief network, with projects in over 60 countries.
The Government of India has launched several programs to cover the growing rate of under nutritive children. They include ICDS, NCF, National Health.”WHO works with the Member States and partners towards universal access to effective nutrition interventions and to healthy diets from sustainable and resilient food systems. The Strategy has been made by the government of India to reduce all forms of malnutrition by 2030, with a focus on the most vulnerable and critical age groups.
The Strategy also aims to assist in achieving the targets identified as part of the Sustainable Development Goals related to nutrition and health. The Strategy also launched a “National Nutrition Mission “similar to the National Health Mission. This is to enable the integration of nutrition-related interventions cutting across sectors like women and child development, health, food, and public distribution, sanitation, drinking water, and rural development and promoting breastfeeding. These strategies will be decentralized and implemented in all the states and districts through panchayat raj.
Measures are also being taken to improve ‘maternal care’ which includes nutrition, supplementary nutritional, support during pregnancy and lactation, health and nutrition counselling, adequate consumption of iodised salt and screening of severe anaemia, and institutional childbirth, lactation management and improved post-natal care. Overall there is a need to educate people. The government is making aware through media, NGOs, gram Seva, social workers, etc. I am sure the strategies and policies implemented by the government of India will bring changes and overcome the challenges of malnutrition.
State Coordination For Malnutrition
Some of the Insights of the sates that have been working in order to provide for their citizens. Their pros and cons, How they are handling critical issues like this and their overcoming techniques. Some of the major states of India have been mentioned below.
Tamil Nadu has come up with some changes for the slums of Chennai. Save the children has launched “Aharam” an exclusive extention for the malnurition children in Tamil Nadu.
The campaign’s main aim was to aware the mothers, societies and communities in the context of malnutrition in the state.
The campaign was initiated to help around 20 slums and 15 villages of Chennai.
Save the Children Foundation in association with the Rajmata Jijau Mother-Child Health and Nutrition Mission of Government of Maharashtra. Implemented its Villages with the Child Development Centre (VCDC) model to treat malnourished children.
The scheme initiated around 30 Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) centers with support from local Anganwadi workers in tribal areas in the Thane district.
At Rajasthan, several schemes were launched but one of the effective schemes was the NRC (Nutrition Rehabilitation Centre) at Tonk, in Rajasthan. It is also known as the Malnutrition Treatment Centre.
The Rajasthan centre was among the first of the centres in India started by a NGO Funding.
These kind of centres are now live and operational in states like Rajasthan and Jharkhand. The centres have resulted in the curing of many of the unpriviledged and malnutrition children.
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